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Hop Types

HOP Varieties and their uses

Aroma Hops

The following hops are generally considered aroma hops:

Name:Name: CASCADE
Grown: USA and New Zealand
Profile: strong spicy, floral, citrus (especially grapefruit) aroma
Typical use: bittering, finishing, dry hopping for American style ales
Example: Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Anchor Liberty Ale & Old Foghorn
AA Range: 4.5 - 8%
Substitute: Centennial, NZ B Saaz
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Name: Name: CHALLENGER
Grown: UK (Northern Brewer heritage)
Profile: spicy aroma, fruity flavor
Typical use: dual purpose, aroma and bittering, blends well with other hops
Example: ???
AA Range: 6.5 - 8.5%
Substitute: Super Alpha
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Name: Name: CRYSTAL (CFJ-HALLERTAU)
Grown: US
Profile: mild, pleasant, slightly spicy
Typical use: aroma, finishing, flavoring
Example: ???
AA Range: 2 - 5%
Substitute: NZ Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Mount Hood,
Liberty .
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Name: Name: EAST KENT GOLDINGS, GOLDINGS
Grown: UK, New Zealand
Profile: spicy/floral, earthy, rounded, very mild aroma, spicy (candy-like?) flavor
Typical use: bittering, finishing, dry hopping for British ales
Example: Samuel Smith's Pale Ale, Fuller's ESB
AA Range: 4.5 - 7%
Substitute: BC Goldings, Target
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Name: Name: FUGGLES
Grown: New Zealand, UK, USA, and other areas
Profile: mild, soft, grassy, floral aroma
Typical use: finishing / dry hopping for all ales, dark lagers
Example: Samuel Smith's Pale Ale, Old Peculier, Thomas Hardy's Ale
AA Range: 3.5 - 5.5%
Substitute: East Kent Goldings, Willamette
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Name: Name: HALLERTAUER HERSBRUCKER
Grown: Germany
Profile: pleasant, spicy/mild, noble, earthy aroma
Typical use: finishing for German style lagers
Example: Wheathook Wheaten Ale
AA Range: 2.5 - 5%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal,
NZ Hallertau Aroma
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Name: Name: HALLERTAUER MITTELFRUEH
Grown: Germany
Profile: pleasant, spicy, noble, mild herbal aroma
Typical use: finishing for German style lagers
Example: Sam Adams Boston Lager, Sam Adams Boston Lightship
AA Range: 3 - 5%
Substitute: Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal,
NZ Hallertau Aroma
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Name: Name: LIBERTY
Grown: USA
Profile: fine, very mild aroma
Typical use: finishing for German style lagers
Example: Pete's Wicked Lager
AA Range: 2.5 - 5%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood,
Crystal
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Name: Name: LUBLIN
Grown: Poland
Profile: Reported to be a substitute for noble varieties, in fact is said to be Saaz grown in Poland.
Typical use: aroma/finishing
Example: ???
AA Range: 2 - 4%
Substitute: Saaz, Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker,
Tettnang, Mount Hood , Liberty , Crystal .
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Name: Name: MT. HOOD
Grown: US
Profile: mild, clean aroma
Typical use: finishing for German style lagers
Example: Anderson Valley High Rollers Wheat Beer, Portland Ale
AA Range: 3.5 - 8%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Liberty,
Tettnang
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Name: Name: NZ HALLERTAU AROMA (an organic version also exists)
Grown: New Zealand (also organically grown)
Profile: Said to be a replica of German Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, balanced mix of floral and citrus characteristics
Typical use: fine aroma hopping
Example: Coors, Coors Light
AA Range: 6 - 8%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Tettnang,
Crystal
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Name: Name: PROGRESS
Grown: UK (Whitbred Goldings heritage)
Profile: similar to Fuggles, but slightly sweeter
Typical use: bittering and aroma for British ales
Example: ???
AA Range: 5.0 - 7.5%
Substitute: Fuggles
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Name: Name: SAAZ
Grown: Czechoslovakia
Profile: delicate, mild, floral aroma
Typical use: finishing for Bohemian style lagers
Example: Pilsener Urquell
AA Range: 2 - 5%
Substitute: Tettnang, NZ B Saaz (many would claim there is NO substitute)
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Name: Name: SPALT
Grown: Germany, USA
Profile: mild, pleasant, slightly spicy
Typical use: aroma/finishing/flavoring, some bittering
Example: Common in Dusseldorf Altbiers
AA Range: 3 - 6%
Substitute: Saaz, Tettnang
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Name: Name: STRISSELSPALT
Grown: France -- Alsace area
Profile: medium intensity, pleasant, similar to Hersbrucker
Typical use: aroma/finishing
Example: ???
AA Range: 3 - 5%
Substitute: Hersbrucker, German Spalt
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Name: Name: STYRIAN GOLDINGS
Grown: New Zealand, Yugoslavia (seedless Fuggles grown in Yugoslavia), also grown in USA
Profile: similar to Fuggles
Typical use: bittering, finishing, dry hopping for a wide variety of beers, popular in Europe, especially UK
Example: Ind Coope's Burton Ale, Timothy Taylor's Landlord
AA Range: 4.5 – 7%
Substitute: Fuggles, Willamette, Green Bullet
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Name: Name: TETTNANG
Grown: Germany, USA
Profile: fine, spicy aroma
Typical use: finishing for German style beers
Example: Gulpener Pilsener, Sam Adams Octoberfest, Anderson Valley ESB
AA Range: 3 - 6%
Substitute: Saaz, Spalt
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Name: Name: WILLAMETTE
Grown: New Zealand, USA
Profile: mild, spicy, grassy, floral aroma
Typical use: finishing and dry hopping for American / British ales
Example: Sierra Nevada Porter, Ballard Bitter, Anderson Valley Boont Amber
AA Range: 4 - 7%
Substitute: Fuggles
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Name:Name: New Zealand Nelson Sauvin
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Unique new variety that gives a typical NZ Sauvion Blanc flavour – gooseberry clean fresh flavour
Typical use:
Example:
AA Range: 12 – 13%
Substitute:
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Name:Name: New Zealand Pacific Hallertau
Grown: New Zealand (also organically grown)
Profile: Clean floral aroma, slight cinnamon like spiciness, light buttery notes
Typical use: Classic European lagers
Example:
AA Range: 5 – 6%
Substitute: Halleratu Mittlefruh
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Name:Name: New Zealand B Saaz
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Unique Citrus like flavours
Typical use: Specialty Aroma type
Example:
AA Range: 7 – 8%
Substitute: D Saaz, Pacific Sunrise, Czech Saaz
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Name:Name: New Zealand D Saaz
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Unique Passionfruit like flavour, more floral aroma than B Saaz
Typical use: Specialty Aroma type
Example:
AA Range: 7 – 8%
Substitute: B Saaz, Pacific Sunrise, Czech Saaz

Bittering Hops

The following hops are generally considered bittering hops, but some aroma applications have been noted (note that the examples given may not enlighten the taster as much as the aroma hops in the previous section):

Name:Name: BREWER'S GOLD
Grown: UK, USA
Profile: poor aroma sharp bittering hop
Typical use: bittering for ales
Example: Pete's Wicked Ale
AA Range: 8 - 9%
Substitute: Bullion
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Name: Name: BULLION
Grown: UK (maybe discontinued), USA
Profile: poor aroma, sharp bittering and blackcurrant flavor when used in the boil
Typical use: bittering hop for British ales, perhaps some finishing
Example: ??? (Guinness Extra Stout and SSWW - not confirmed)
AA Range: 8 - 11%
Substitute: Brewer's Gold, Pacific Gem
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Name: Name: CENTENNIAL
Grown: USA
Profile: spicy, floral, citrus aroma, clean bittering hop (Super Cascade?)
Typical use: general purpose bittering, aroma, some dry hopping
Example: Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale, Sierra Nevada Bigfoot Ale
AA Range: 9 - 11.5%
Substitute: New Zealand Pacific Hallertau, Cascade
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Name: Name: CHINOOK
Grown: USA
Profile: heavy spicy aroma, strong versatile bittering hop
Typical use: bittering
Example: Stouts, Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale, Sierra Nevada Stout
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Substitute: Galena, Eroica, Nugget, Bullion, New Zealand Cross 94-21-19
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Name: Name: CLUSTER
Grown: USA, Australia
Profile: poor, sharp aroma, sharp bittering hop
Typical use: general purpose bittering (Aussie version used as finishing hop)
Example: Winterhook Christmas Ale
AA Range: 5.5 - 8.5%
Substitute: Galena, Cascade, Eroica
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Name: Name: EROICA
Grown: USA
Profile: clean bittering hop
Typical use: general purpose bittering
Example: Ballard Bitter, Blackhook Porter, Anderson Valley Boont Amber
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Substitute: Northern Brewer, Galena
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Name: Name: GALENA
Grown: USA
Profile: strong, clean bittering hop
Typical use: general purpose bittering
Example: Catamount Porter, Devil's Mountain Railroad Ale
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Substitute: New Zealand Super Alpha, NZ Pacific Gem, Northern Brewer, Eroica, Cluster
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Name: Name: NORTHERN BREWER
Grown: UK, USA, Germany (called Hallertauer NB), and other areas (growing region affects profile greatly)
Profile: fine, fragrant aroma, dry, clean bittering hop
Typical use: bittering and finishing for a wide variety of beers
Example: Anchor Steam, Old Peculier(bittering), Anchor Liberty(bittering),
Anchor Steam(bittering, flavoring, aroma)
AA Range: 7 - 10%
Substitute: Super Alpha, Southern Cross, Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker
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Name: Name: NUGGET
Grown: USA
Profile: heavy, spicy, herbal aroma, strong bittering hop
Typical use: High alpha acid with good aroma profile, strong bittering
Example: Sierra Nevada Porter & Bigfoot Ale, Anderson Valley ESB
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Substitute: Chinook, Super Alpha, Southern Cross
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Name: Name: PERLE
Grown: Germany, USA
Profile: pleasant aroma, slightly spicy, almost minty bittering hop
Typical use: general purpose bittering for all lagers except pilsener
Example: Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Summerfest, and Pale Bock
AA Range: 7 - 9.5%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, NZ Hallertau Aroma
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Name: Name: New Zealand green Bullet
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Clean crisp flavour, slight floral
Typical use: Bittering and Aroma in Lagers, even Pilsners
Example: Steinlager
AA Range: 11 – 13%
Substitute: Styrian Goldings
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Name:Name: New Zealand Pacific Gem
Grown: New Zealand (also organically grown)
Profile: Delicate Blackberry/floral nose, oaky
Typical use: Strong Bittering but also some aroma applications
Example:
AA Range: 15 – 16%
Substitute:
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Name:Name: New Zealand Southern Cross
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Fine, fragrant aroma, dry, clean bittering hop, spicy and lemony also slightly piney – woody hints
Typical use: Bittering and finishing for a wide variety of beers
Example:
AA Range: 12 – 13%
Substitute: Northern Brewer
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Name:Name: New Zealand Sticklebract
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Piney aroma with a hint of citrus
Typical use: General purpose bittering
Example:
AA Range: 11 – 13%
Substitute:
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Name:Name: New Zealand Super Alpha
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Unique blend of German and English hops, crisp clean flavour
Typical use: Bittering and aroma applications
Example: Steinlager, Hahn Premium
AA Range: 10 – 13%
Substitute: Galena , Northern Brewer
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Name:Name: New Zealand Pacific Sunrise
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Unique blend of German and English hops, crisp clean flavour
Typical use: Bittering
Example:
AA Range: 14 – 15%
Substitute: Super Alpha
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Name:Name: New Zealand Pacific Jade
Grown: New Zealand
Profile: Newly released cultivar. Crisp clean flavour, similar to Nelson Sauvin but less over powering
Typical use: Bittering
Example:
AA Range:
Substitute:

Hops Character Wheel


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